How to solve the problem of talent training in the

2022-08-17
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How to solve the problem of talent training in strategic emerging industries

all the machines can't work normally. Xiaohua, who is about to take the college entrance examination, is no stranger to the word "strategic emerging industry". He saw from the above that from this year, colleges and universities will add 140 undergraduate majors, which are related to strategic emerging industries and mainly cultivate high-quality professionals needed for industrial development

Xiaohua, who is studying science, is very interested in the new biopharmaceutical major. These (Professional) talents should be very popular in the future. The country is vigorously developing the biopharmaceutical industry, and may be in great need of such talents

with the continuous development of strategic emerging industries, the issue of industrial talent training continues to attract attention from all parties. Some experts even believe that talent training has become a key link restricting the technological innovation and development of strategic emerging industries

current situation: unreasonable talent structure, light training, heavy use

Xu Xiaolan, member of the National Committee of the Chinese people's Political Consultative Conference and vice president of the China Electronic Information Industry Development Research Institute, believes that strategic emerging industries are knowledge intensive industries, which are highly sensitive to knowledge conditions, have a strong dependence on human resources, and need strong and systematic talent training mechanisms to support

the problem is that these industrial formats themselves are not fully mature, so their talent training is even more vague. Professor Liu Rui, deputy dean of the school of economics of Renmin University of China, said that the main problem was how to define the strategic emerging industry talents needed by the country

Xu Xiaolan said that the development of strategic emerging industries requires many talents, including strategic management talents who have strategic vision and grasp high-end technology, scientific and technological experts who master cutting-edge technology, technical backbones who can implement and implementation talents who are responsible for implementation

according to the views of many experts, there are many outstanding problems in the talent training of strategic emerging industries in China, such as many low-end talents, lack of backbone talents, lack of strategic talents, and unbalanced talent structure

first, there is a serious shortage of science and technology leaders who can grasp strategic emerging industries. Although China has invested a lot of money in scientific and technological innovation, there is still a big gap between the input-output effect and that of developed countries. One of the important reasons is the lack of leading talents with strategic vision

the second is the scientific and technological backbone who undertakes and implements industrial projects. If the oil pipe breaks, there is a serious shortage of talents. The development of strategic emerging industries requires not only strategic talents who can guide the direction, but also core backbones who can implement it. At present, China has a serious shortage of technical backbones in strategic emerging industries, and the driving force of industrial development is insufficient

in addition, the concept of emphasizing use and neglecting training is rampant, and the sustainable training mechanism is lacking. Compared with foreign countries, there are serious misunderstandings in the concept of talents for industrial development in China: on the one hand, all sectors of society attach great importance to talents and adopt various means such as high salary employment to attract and retain talents; On the other hand, few people are willing to invest money and time to cultivate talents

in a short time, high salary employment is an effective means to solve the shortage of technical backbone talents, but on the whole, the total number of backbone talents is basically unchanged, and the driving force of industrial development cannot be improved, which also leads to the lack of sense of belonging of backbone talents, too frequent flow, serious impact on the development of strategic emerging industries, and insufficient sustainability of long-term industrial development. Xu Xiaolan said

many people who returned from abroad to start businesses believed that there was no shortage of talents in China

in recent years, China has continuously improved its talent introduction policy, and a large number of overseas students have returned to China to start businesses. Said Dr. dujinping, chairman of Beijing ECOMAN Biotechnology Co., Ltd., who was selected into the thousand talents program with entrepreneurial talents

in addition, in recent years, many domestic researchers have left academia and turned to industrial fields

Yu Zailin, chairman of Tianjin PuYing Biotechnology Co., Ltd., who has returned to China for eight years, expressed another concern: more than 70% of the talents who returned with us were wasted, 20% were teaching in universities, and less than 5% became industry leaders

our country may not lack talents and funds, but it lacks good rules. Yu Zailin said

crack: innovate the form, content and mechanism of training

the country has obviously realized the problem of industrial talents. The programmatic document on strategic emerging industries issued in October 2010, the decision of the State Council on accelerating the cultivation and development of strategic emerging industries, calls for accelerating the construction of high skilled talent teams, including attracting global talents to innovate and start businesses in China, strengthening the construction of professional disciplines related to strategic emerging industries, and reforming the talent training mode

as early as December 2008, China launched the overseas high-level talent introduction program (hereinafter referred to as the "Thousand Talents Program"), which introduced and focused on supporting a group of strategic scientists and leading talents who can break through key technologies, develop high-tech industries, and drive emerging disciplines to return to China (to China) for innovation and entrepreneurship

as of January 17, 2011, 1143 people have been introduced into the thousand talents plan, including 880 innovative talents and 263 entrepreneurial talents

in fact, the outline of the national medium and long term talent development plan (2010-2020) released in June 2010 also puts forward a more specific goal: by 2020, more than 5 million urgently needed specialized talents will be cultivated and developed in 12 key economic fields, such as equipment manufacturing, information and biotechnology

many experts have put forward countermeasures for talent training in strategic emerging industries, which include the following aspects

we can lay out the training direction in advance and set up training courses reasonably to avoid rushing into mass action. Prevent the surplus of some popular talents and the lack of relatively unpopular talents necessary for other industrial chains, resulting in incomplete allocation and unreasonable structure of talents related to the industrial chain

actively adopt training forms such as meetings, discussions and exchanges, carefully set up colleges and departments in strategic emerging industries, and steadily promote talent training in strategic emerging industries. Because strategic emerging industries are cutting-edge technologies, on the one hand, they may represent the future direction, on the other hand, there is also some uncertainty. Therefore, we can refer to international successful experience and adopt training methods with strong timeliness and easy opening of oil unloading valve, such as conference discussion, exchange and cooperation, in higher education, vocational training and other systems, so as to avoid risks

in view of the unreasonable talent structure in the current strategic emerging industries, we should reasonably arrange different talent training mechanisms, such as vocational training, higher education, on-the-job training, enterprise training, international exchange and so on. Use vocational training to cultivate basic implementation technical talents, use the higher education system to cultivate technical backbones, improve the theoretical level of talents through on-the-job training, improve the strategic vision of technical talents through international exchanges, and gradually promote the formation of basic, backbone and strategic echelon talent training and training system

in view of the current social phenomenon of emphasizing use and neglecting cultivation, we can consider increasing the investment in training funds, guiding high-tech enterprises and individuals to carry out relevant training planning, and giving certain subsidies. The government can also take the lead to establish vocational training funds through joint enterprises of financial expenditure, and the government, enterprises and individuals can raise funds from various sources to form a collaborative training system for talents in strategic emerging industries. Through financial support and policy guidance, promote the formation of a sustainable talent training mechanism with enterprises as the main body, which emphasizes both use and cultivation

in combination with major national projects, adopt a talent training mode guided by national key needs and supported by major projects in strategic industries to cultivate talents in strategic emerging industries

to put it bluntly, the development of an industry is to focus on talents, focus on their direction, and then give sufficient support. However, the current problem is that there are few other funding channels except for the funding of the millennium plan. Du Jinping said that we are now completely relying on a belief in this industry

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