How to solve the problem of lack of soil environme

2022-08-17
  • Detail

How to solve the problem of lack of soil environmental monitoring instruments in China

Abstract: the lack of soil environmental monitoring instruments and equipment and professional monitoring personnel in municipal and county-level environmental monitoring institutions, the overall lag of the soil environmental monitoring system, and the lack of monitoring of new soil pollutants such as phthalates and hormones, often make the comprehensive analysis of regional environment encounter bottlenecks

environmental governance, monitoring first. At present, China has formed a relatively mature monitoring system in the field of conventional environmental monitoring, such as air, surface water, acoustic environment and so on, with strong monitoring capacity, but the soil environment monitoring capacity needs to be strengthened, and the national and regional soil environment conditions cannot be controlled in time. At the same time, the municipal and county-level environmental monitoring institutions lack soil environmental monitoring instruments and equipment, professional monitoring personnel, the overall soil environmental monitoring system lags behind, and the monitoring of new soil pollutants such as phthalates and hormones is even less, which often makes the comprehensive analysis of the regional environment encounter bottlenecks

there is no special law for the "ten soil articles" of water, gas and soil. The action plan for the prevention and control of soil pollution (hereinafter referred to as the "ten soil articles") has been issued and implemented by the State Council a few days ago. So far, the State Council has issued action plans in the three environmental fields of water, gas and soil. However, different from the prevention and control of water pollution and air pollution, so far, the legislation of soil pollution prevention and control is still blank

with regard to the release and implementation of the "soil ten articles", Lin Yusuo, director of the soil pollution prevention and control research center of Nanjing Institute of Environmental Sciences, Ministry of environmental protection, said that China has formulated the air pollution prevention and control law and the water pollution prevention and control law for the three major environmental media of atmosphere, water and soil, but so far there is no special soil pollution prevention and control legislation

researcher Wang Xiahui, director of the Ecology Department (soil environmental protection center) of the Environmental Planning Institute of the Ministry of environmental protection, told that more than 20 countries and regions in the world have formulated special laws and regulations for the prevention and control of soil pollution. However, China's soil environmental legislation is relatively lagging behind and is still in the process of drafting

Lin Yusuo believes that it is urgent to speed up the formulation of a special soil pollution prevention and control law

"soil pollution has great harm, mainly causing adverse effects on the safety of agricultural products, human settlements and ecosystems." In Wang Xiahui's view, crops absorb and enrich some pollutants, which affect agriculture, thus greatly shortening the production cycle time and product quality, resulting in reduced production. Long term consumption of agricultural products that exceed the standard may endanger human health. At the same time, soil pollution of residential, commercial, industrial and other construction land may endanger human health through breathing, skin contact and other ways. The direct development of contaminated land without treatment and repair will cause long-term harm to the relevant population

the harm of soil pollution is beyond doubt. What makes people more worried is that at present, China's soil environmental supervision ability is insufficient. According to Wang Xiahui, at present, China has formed a relatively mature monitoring system in the field of conventional environmental monitoring such as air, surface water and acoustic environment, and has strong monitoring capacity. However, the soil environment monitoring capacity needs to be strengthened, and the national and regional soil environment conditions cannot be controlled in time. At the same time, the municipal and county-level environmental monitoring institutions lack soil environmental monitoring instruments and equipment, professional monitoring personnel, the overall soil environmental monitoring system lags behind, and the monitoring of new soil pollutants such as phthalates and hormones is even less, which often makes the comprehensive analysis of the regional environment encounter bottlenecks. In addition, the construction of soil environmental supervision and law enforcement, risk early warning and emergency system is also lagging behind, and the coordinated supervision mechanism of all elements of atmosphere, water and soil has not been established

wangxiahui said that most local planning departments have not taken the soil environmental quality of the plot as an important consideration for planning purposes when preparing urban and rural planning; The construction department issued the site selection opinion and the land use pre-trial link of the land department, and the soil environment of the land has not been fully considered, which vividly explains the in-depth connotation of "let data create value", and the experimental data is also more accurate

Wang Xiahui believes that local governments at all levels are responsible for the soil environmental quality in their respective jurisdictions and disclose environmental information in accordance with the law, which has shortened the delivery time of manufacturers from the past two months to about 10 days now, and the responsibility is not fully implemented. Many heavily polluting enterprises have not taken effective measures to protect the soil environment of the land, and have not fulfilled their obligations to disclose environmental information

Gu Qingbao, director of the soil pollution and Control Research Office of the Chinese Academy of Environmental Sciences, told that from a worldwide perspective, soil environmental protection legislation began in the 1970s. The legislative background and legal design of soil environmental protection in various countries are different. From the perspective of legislative style, there are both special legislative models and decentralized legislative models

Gu Qingbao said that from the perspective of the model of soil environmental protection legislation in various countries, special legislation has become the trend of soil pollution prevention and control legislation in the world. "Although some countries have not formulated special laws on soil environmental protection or soil pollution prevention, most of them set up special chapters in their environmental protection laws to regulate soil environmental protection or soil pollution prevention."

for the legislation of soil pollution, the "ten articles of soil" also put forward clear requirements. For example, by the end of 2016, complete the revision of the pesticide management regulations, and issue the soil environment management measures for contaminated plots and agricultural land; By the end of 2017, departmental regulations on the recycling and treatment of pesticide packaging waste, soil environmental management of industrial and mining land, and the recycling of waste agricultural film will be issued; By 2020, the system of laws and regulations for the prevention and control of soil pollution will be basically established

according to the relevant person in charge of the Ministry of environmental protection, in order to promote soil legislation, in the past two years, the Ministry of environmental protection has cooperated with the environmental resources and Resources Committee of the National People's Congress to carry out in-depth research and revise more than 10 drafts. According to the arrangement of the environmental protection and assets supervision and Administration Commission of the National People's Congress, it is planned to conduct two internal preliminary reviews this year and submit them to the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress in 2017 to complete the tasks of submission and deliberation

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